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2012年陕西省普通专升本招生考试大学英语试题
2014-05-26 11:27   审核人:

注意事项:

1.考生领到试题后,须按规定在试题上填写姓名、准考证号和座位号。

2.所有答案必须在答题卡指定区域内作答,在试题上作答无效。考试结束后将本

试题和答题卡一并交回。

2.满分为150分,考试时间150分钟。

I. Vocabulary and Structure (40)

Directions: In this part, there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are

four choices marked A, B,C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence.

Then write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

1. They didn't go homethey had finished the task.

A. sinceB. unlessC. becauseD. until

2. It suddenly occurred to me that we couldthe police for help.

A. askB. lookC. tellD. meet

3. The manager often requires us never totill tomorrow what we can do

today.

A. come upB. put offc. turn onD. give out

4. Having heard so much about Mr. Smith, they wereto meet him.

A. eagerB. niceC. urgentD. earnest

5. All the travelingare to be paid by the company if you travel on business.

A. chargesB. moneyc. pricesD. expenses

6. It was the driver's carelessness thatthe traffic accident.

A. resulted atB. resulted withc. resulted inD. resulted from

7. The police are____the traffic accident that happened yesterday.

A. looking down upon Blooking forward to

C. looking intoD. looking after

8. At the sight of her long-lost friend, she could hardlyher tears.

A.give inB. turn backC. hold backD. keep away from

9.―Shall we invite Tim.

No, it's too late to invite any more people.he hates parties, you know.

A. ExceptB. BesideC. BesidesD. But

10. Surprisingly, the accident did very littleto either of the cars.

A. damageB. dangerc. effectD. confusion

11.If youyour children well, you will be proud of them.

A. catch upB. bring upC. take upD. grow up

12.The old-fashioned chair in the living room has beenfrom my greatGrandmother.

A. handed overB. handed downC. handed outD. handed in

13.Whenever we planned our vacations, mother could always offer some

suggestions.

A. carefulB. practicalC. effectiveD. efficient

14. It is not always reliable to make a conclusion on theof the firstimpression.

A. basicB. baseC. basementD. basis

15. He set off one hour earlier tohe could catch the 12 o'clock train.

A. believeB. findC. make sureD. look

16. She finally decided to obtain afrom the bank in order to buy a house.

A. financeB. capitalC. loanD. profit

17. The authority urged the rebellious party totheir arms and come back to the negotiating table.

A. lay overB. lay offC. lay outD. lay down

18. His application for the position was __ by the employer because of his qualifications.

A. turned outB. turned onC. turned downD. turned up

19. The travelers300 miles a day by car when they were in Africa.

A. passedB. tookC. coveredD. brought

20. There seemed to be no _to their financial problems.

A. methodB. functionC. decisionD. solution

21. We don't doubthe can do a good job, concerning his experience.

A. whetherB. thatC. howD. why

22. There was nothing we could do _wait at that moment.

A. butB. rather thanC. in spite ofD. besides

23. You've never told me why you didn't come to my birthday party, _?

A. don't youB.. have youC. didn't youD. had you

24. Mary likes classical musicher brother likes pop music.

A. andB. butC. whileD. however

25.Although _ten years ago, the machine is still in good condition.

A. makeB. makesC. madeD. making

26. Ten minutes_ an hour when one is expecting a phone call.

A. seemsB. seemedC. seemD. to seem

27. I can't find the key to the door. Ihave lost it on my way home.

A. wouldB. shouldC. mustD. ought to

28. The Blacks are __ people in the little town.

A. possible the richestB. much the richest

C. the richest by farD. by far the richest

29. When he awoke, he found himselfafter by an old woman.

A. lookedB. be lookedC. lookingD. being looked

30.Your e-mail is well written _some spelling mistakes.

A. let alone.B. exceptC. except forD. besides

31. The traffic was very heavy, otherwise Ihere 30 minutes ago.

A. should beB. would be

C. would have beenD. had been

32. Mum, I've been studying English since 8 o'clock. _I go out and play with Tom for a while?

A. Can'tB. Wouldn'tC. May notD. Won't

33.—Tell me something about your adventure last year.

We lost our way in the forest and _made matters worse was __it began to rain.

A. what / thatB. it / thatC. it / becauseD. what / because

34.the flood, the ship would have reached the destination on time.

A. In case ofB. BecauseofC.But forD. In spite of

35. You may keep the car __ you need it.

A. as far asB. as good asC. as long asD. as well as

36. John founddifficult to pass the entrance examination.

A. itB. thisC. thatD. what

37. Every man, woman and child _love and understanding.

A. needB. are neededC. is neededD. needs

38. We should do as much as we can _our country better and more beautiful.

A. makeB. to makeC. makesD. making

39.more time, he'll make a first-class tennis player sooner or later.

A. GivingB. To giveC. GivenD. Be given

40.When I go out in the daytime I use the bikethe car if I can.

A. rather thanB. regardless ofC. in spite ofD. morethan

II. Reading Comprehension ( 50 )

Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

Passage One

When young people get their first real jobs, they face a lot of new, confusing situations. They may find that everything is different from the way things were at school. It is also possible that they will feel uncomfortable and insecure in both professional and social situations. Eventually, they realize that university classes can't be the only preparation for all of the different situations that arise in the working world.

(81) Perhaps the best way to learn how tobehave in the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior. By doing so, you will be able to see what it is that you admire in this person. For example, you will observe how he acts in a crisis. Perhaps even more important, you will be able to see what his approach to day-to-day situations is.

While you are observing your colleague, you should be asking yourself whether his behavior is like yours and how you can learn from his responses to a variety ofsituations. By watching and learning from a model, you will probably begin to identifyand adopt good working habits.

41. The young people who just graduated from school may not behave well in theworking world because

A. they were not well educated at school

B.what they learn in university classes is not adequate for their new life

C.the society is too complicated to adapt to

D. they failed to work hard at school

42. The underlined word "arise" in Para. I means.

A. come into beingB. bringabout

C. go upD. cause to happen

43. The best way to learn how to behave in the working world is.

A. to find a worker and follow him closely

B. to find a person you respect and see how he acts in different situations

C. to find a person you admire and make friends with him

D. to make the acquaintance of a model you admire

44. The purpose of this writing is.

A. to offer career guide to young people

B. to tell young people the importance of the first job

C. to instruct young people how to communicate with people

D. to advise young people on good working habits

45. The passage could be best entitled _.

A. Learn, Learn and Learn AgainB. One Is Never Too Old to Learn

C. Learn from a ModelD. Learn Forever

Passage Two

Airline companies are responsible for transporting your luggage.If you cannot recover it at the point of arrival, you must inform the airline immediately. They will carry out the necessary search. If the luggage is recovered, it will be delivered to your place of residence. If you wish to insure your luggage, you may do so at your own expense.

Some airlines restrict luggage weight to 44 pounds(20kg) ; in other cases, there is no weight restriction, but you are not allowed more than two pieces of luggage. Inquire about luggage allowances from the airline with which you will be traveling. However, you must pay extra for excess luggage, which is not reimbursed(补偿) by Canadian International Development Agency(CIDA).

Each suitcase, bag or package must be clearly labeled with your name and destina-tion. (82) If you do not know the exact destination address at the time of your departure, label your luggage in care of(由……代收) the executing agency whose name appears in the Training Agreement, using the following model:

Surname, first name

Name of your country

Address of the executing agency

City, country, postal code

Telephone number of executing agency

If you do not have this information, please label your luggage with the name and address of the institution you are to attend in Canada. If none of these details are available, you can use CIDA's address.

46. If you can't find your luggage at the point of arrival, airline companies will try to find it and _.

A. ask you to insure your luggageB. deliver it to where you live

C. inform you about its recoveryD. ask you to pay some money for it

47. Before taking your air trip, you have to make sure

A. of the restrictions on luggage

B. of the insurance for luggage

C. who will pay for the excess luggage

D. how much CIDA will pay for the excess luggage

48. The charge for the excess luggage should be paid by _.

A. CIDAB. the passenger

C. the insurance companyD. the executing agency

49. In case you have no idea at all where to send your luggage, you can send it to theaddress of.

A. the instiution you are to attend

B. the airline you travel with

C. the Canadian International Development Agency

D. the executive agency given in the Training Agreement

50. The passage is mainly about CIDA's advice on.

A. the charge of your luggageB. the handling of your luggage

C. the insurance of your luggageD. the transportation of your luggage

Passage Three

Since we are social beings, the quality of our lives depends in large measure on our interpersonal relationships. One strength of human condition is our possibility to give and receive support from one another under stressful (有压力的) conditions. Social support makes up the exchanges of resources among people based on their interpersonal ties. Those of us with strong support systems appear better able to deal with major life changes and daily problems. People with strong social ties live longer and have better health than those without such ties.Studies over types of illnesses, from depression to heart disease, show that the presence of social support helps people defend themselves against illness, and the absence of such support makes poor health more likely.

Social support cushions stress in a number of ways. First, friends, relatives and co- workers may let us know that they value us. Our self-respect is strengthened when we feel accepted by others in spite of our faults and difficulties. Second, other people often provide us with informational support. They help us to define and understand our problems and find solutions to them. Third, we typically find social companionship supportive.(83)Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same timedistracting us from our worries and troubles. Finally, other people may give us instrumental supportmoney aid, material resources, and needed services that reduces stress by helping us resolve and deal with our problems.

51. The author mainly talks about _.

A. how to improve our interpersonal relationships

B. people's health conditions

C. how to deal with daily worries and problems

D. the importance of interpersonal relationships

52. Para.2 is mainly about _.

A. ways to reduce stressB. informational support

C. instrumental supportD. social companionship

53. The word "cushion" in Para. 2 means.

A. increase the effect of

B. reduce the effect of

C. a mat placed beneath the carpet of a sofa

D. a rug placed on the floor

54. Lending money to a person in trouble belongs to.

A. the strengthening of self-respectB. social companionship

C. instrumental supportD. informational support

55. According to the passage, which of the following is true?

A. Playing chess with others in spare time is of informational support.

B. Social support enables us to succeed in dealing with all kinds of problems.

C. With social support, people will become perfect without any faults.

D. It's possible that people who have fewer social ties are in poor health.

Passage Four

(84)One of the best-known proverbs must be "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a manhealthy, wealthy and wise. " The promises of health, wealth and wisdom to those who join the ranks of the early retires and risers must be particularly appealing to many people in our contemporary society. There is no doubt that one of the greatest concerns of modern man is his health. It is estimated that in the United States 200 billion dollars are spent on health care each year. The medical field has grown into such a big business that it employs 4. 8 million people and it appears that in many places, more staff is needed to meet the demands of the people whoare concerned about their physical well-being.

Much more interest has been shown in preventive(预防的) medicine in recent years. (85) This is probably due in part to the increasing costs of medical treatment, but the writings of such people as Dr. Kenneth Cooper have also played an important role. In his book Aerobics, Dr. Cooper communicated his message of the benefits of exercise so effectively that many other authors have followed in his trail, and literally millions of readers have put on their sports shoes and taken to the highways and byways of America. A recent survey showed that overone million people are jogging. The last time I was in Honolulu, I wasamazedto see hundreds of people, young and old, running for their lives, and I discovered many of them had run in the Hawaiian Marathon.

Exercise has also become a major part of conversation. At a dinner party recently, the president of a bank asked me, "You look like a runner; how far do you run each day?"A few days later when I appeared on a national television show, the host suddenly asked me if I was a regular runner. On both occasions the conversation turned to the subject of exercise and I found, as I have found wherever I have traveled recently, that this is a subject on many people's minds. Of course, there are still many people who are less enthusiastic about exercise. They appreciate the philosophy of Robert M. Hutchins who said, "Whenever the thought of exercise occurs to me, I lie down till it passes. "

56.The underlined word "retires". in Para. 1 probably refers to.

A. people who go to.bed

B. people who live in quiet places

C. people who have a lot of free time

D. people who give up their work

57. The first paragraph indicates that medical workers.

A. can make a lot of money

B. like running sports more than ordinary people

C. are more concerned with their own health

D. are in great demand

58.In the United States, medical treatment is.

A. expensiveB. insufficientC. very effectiveD. cheap

59. The pronoun "it" in the last sentence of the passage means.

A. exerciseB. the thought of exercise

C. meD. nothing

60. The examples of conversation in the last paragraph are used _.

A. to show the writer's love for travel

B. to prove that the writer was a good runner

C. to show people's interest in exercise

D. to prove that people are tired of old conversation topics

. Cloze Test ( 20)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in each of the following two passages. For each blank,there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the ONE that best fitsinto the passage. Then write the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.

SectionA (非英语专业学生做 )

Shopping for clothes is not thesame experience for a man61it is for a woman. A man goes shopping because he needs something definitely.His purpose is settled and decided in62.He knows what he wants, and his63is to find it and get it.

Almost all men simply walk into a shop and ask the assistant for their needs if they are not in a supermarket.If the shop has them in64, the deal can be made in less than five minutes, with _ 65_ any chat and to everyone's satisfaction.

For a man, slight problems may begin when the shop does not have 66he wants.In that case, the salesman tries to sell the customer something _67he offers the nearest to the article required. Good salesman brings out such a substitute with68: "I know this is not the style you want, sir; but would you like to try it for size? It happens to _ 69the color you told me." Few men70patience with this kind of treatment, and the usual response is: "This is the right color and maybe the right size, _ 71 _ I should be wasting my time and yours by trying it72."

For a woman, buying clothes is always done in the opposite way. She goes73 when she wants to wander on the streets. She has never been fully aware what she wants, and she is only "window shopping", She is always open74persuasion, willing to try on75number of things. Uppermost in her mind is the thought of finding76that everyone thinks suits her. Most women have an excellent sense ofvalue and are always on the look-out for the unexpected77. Faced with a roomfulof _ 78_, a woman may easily spend an hour going from one rail to another before selecting the dresses she wants to try on. _ 79_ is a tiresome process, but apparently an enjoyable one. Most dress shops _ 80chairs for the waiting husbands.

61. A. withB. asC. toD. than

62. A. detailB. advanceC. hurryD. a way

63. A. objectiveB. reasonC. dreamD. choice

64. A. sizeB. colorC. stockD. style

65. A. hardB. hardlyC. notD. almost

66. A. thatB. whichC. whenD. what

67. A. niceB. goodC. elseD. wonderful

68. A. careB. concernC. skillD. intention

69. A. beB. doC. makeD. have

70. A. hadB. haveC. havingD. to have

71. A. althoughB. whyC. whenD. but

72. A. inB. withC. onD. up

73. A, shoppingB. to workC. to shopD. to walking

74. A. withB. toC. forD. up

75. A. aB. someC. anyD. few

76. A. somethingB. anythingC. nothingD. everything

77. A. dealB. bargainC. surpriseD. thing

78. A. dressesB. goodsC. foodD. looks

79. A. WhoB. WhatC. ItD. Which

80. A. sellB. rentC. giveD. provide

Section B (英语专业学生做)

Shopping habits in the United States have changed greatly in the last quarter of the 20th century.61in the 1900s most American towns and cities had a Main Street. Main Street was always in the heart of a town. This street was62on both sides with63businesses. Here, shoppers walked into stores to look at all sorts of merchandise: clothing, furniture, hardware, groceries.64, some shops offered65. These shops included drugstores, restaurants, shoe-repair stores, and barber or hairdressing shops. _66in the 1950s, a change began to67. Too many automobiles had crowded into Main Street68too few parking places were69shoppers. Because the streets were crowded, merchants began to look with interest at the open spaces _70the city limits. Open space is what their car-driving customers needed. And open space is what they got71the first shopping center was built Shopping centers, or rather malls,72as a collection of small new stores73crowded city centers.74by hundreds of free parking space, customers were drawn away from75areas to outlying malls. And the growing 76 of shopping centers led77to the building of bigger and better stocked stores. _ 78 _ the late 1970s, many shopping malls had almost developed into small cities themselves. In addition to providing the79of one stop shopping, malls were transformed into landscaped parks, _80benches, fountains, and outdoor entertainment.

61. A. EarliestB. EarlyC. Early asD. Earlier

62. A. builtB. constructedC. intendedD. lined

63. A. variedB. variousC. sortedD. mixed

64. A. Apart fromB. HoweverC. In additionD. As well

65. A. medical careB. foodC. cosmeticsD. services

66. A. SinceB. ForC. BecauseD. But

67. A. be taking placeB. take placeC. be taken placeD. have taken place

68. A. whileB. yetC. thoughD. and then

69. A. available forB. available toC. used byD. ready for

70. A. overB. fromC. out ofD. outside

71. A. whenB. whileC. sinceD. then

72. A. startedB. foundedC. establishedD. organized

73. A. out ofB. away fromC. next toD. near

74. A. AttractedB. SurprisedC. DelightedD. Enjoyed

75. A. innerB. surroundingC. shoppingD. downtown

76. A. distinctionB. fameC. popularityD. liking

77. A. onB. in turnC. by turnsD. further

78. A. ByB. DuringC. InD. Towards

79. A. cheapnessB. readinessC. convenienceD. handiness

80. A. because ofB. andC. withD. provided

IN. Translation( 20)

Section A (非英语专业学生做)

Directions: In this section, there are five items. You are required to translate them into Chinese. Each item consists of one or two sentences. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in the Reading Comprehension part. You mayrefer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context.

81. (Para.2Passage l)

Perhaps the best way to learn how to behave in the working world is to identify a worker you admire and observe his behavior.

82. (Para.3Passage 2)

If you do not know the exact destination address at the time of your departure, label your luggage in care of(由……代收)the executing agency whose name appears in the Training Agreement.

83. (Para.2Passage 3)

Taking part in free-time activities with others helps us to meet our social needs while at the same time distracting us from our worries and troubles.

84. (Para.1Passage 4)

One of the best-known proverbs must be "Early to bed, early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise.”

85. (Para.2Passage 4)

This is probably due in part to the increasing costs of medical treatment, but the writings of such people as Dr. Kenneth Cooper have also played an important role.

Section B(英语专业学生做)

Directions: In this section, there is a short passage in Chinese. Read it carefully and translate it into English.

我打算用我从诺贝尔和平奖所获的奖金,为那些无家可归者建立家园。因为我相信,爱源自家庭。如果我们能为穷人建立家园,爱就会传播得更广。而且,我们可以通过这种博大的爱,给他们带来快乐。当我们把一个饥肠辘辘的流浪者从街上带回家时,给他一碗米饭、一片面包,就能帮助他消除饥饿,使他心满意足。相反,如果我们让他一直露宿街头,他会感到不为人所需,不为人所爱,被社会抛弃——这样的贫困状态会让他绝望、心碎。因此,让我们首先从微笑开始,因为微笑就是爱的开端。心中有爱,我们才会去帮助他人,奉献爱心。

V. Writing (20)

Directions: For this part, you are required to write a composition of 120 to 150 words(非英语专业学生)or 150 to 180 words(英语专业学生).You should base your composition on the title and outline given below.

On Cyberspace Superstars

1.近年来出现了许多网络明星。

2.分析出现这一现象的原因。

3.我的看法。

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