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2011年陕西省高等学校专升本招生考试大学英语试题
2014-05-26 11:26   审核人:

题号

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

总分

核分人

得分

Direction: All the Questions should be done on the Answer Sheet.

I.Choose a word that best completes each of the following sentences: (20*1point=20points)

得分

评卷人

1.She has managed to obtain a temporary work _A______ in Britain .

A permitB permission C permissivenessD permissible

2.The football players need total concentration during __C_______.

A matchB gameC playD perform

3.Involved in a bribery scandal, the President had to _C_______ his resignation.

A doB catchC offerD find

4.When I go out in the evening I use the bike _____A_____the car if I can.

A rather than(而不是,宁愿)B regardless ofCin spite of D other than(除了)

5.Some plants are very ________D_ to light; they prefer the shade.

A sensibleB flexibleC objectiveD sensitive

6.Don’t let the child play with scissors ___A______he cuts himself.

A in caseB so thatC now thatD only if(用于句首,后接从句主位倒装)

7.Without proper lessons, you could_B_____ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.

A keep upB pick upC draw upD catch up

8. We should always bear in mind that ____D_____ decisions often result in serious consequences.

A urgent(紧急的,急迫的)B instant(立即的,即刻的)C prompt(敏捷的,速度的)D hasty(匆忙的)

9. The computer can be paid for in ten monthly____C____ of 100 dollars.

A payB paysC paymentD payments

10. American linguist Noah Webster was among the first to Cthe growing difference between American and British usages of English.

A. realizeB. recognizeC. researchD. reckon

11. The ____A____ driver thinks accidents only happen to other people.

A. averageB. commonC. usualD. normal

12. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, _D______ at the other store.

A. the oneB. othersC. thatD. the ones

13. Conversation becomes weaker in society that spends so much time listening and being talked to ___C____ it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself.

A. asB. whichC. thatD. what

14. _______A__ for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is.

A. Had it not beenB. Were it notC. Be it notD. Should it not be

15. Asia ____________B___ by most experts to be the cradle of human civilization.

A. has been always consideredB. has always been considered

C. always has been consideredD. has been considered always

16. An old woman was badly hurt in _B___ the police describe as an apparently motiveless attack.

A. thatB. whatC. whateverD. which

17. Paul Samuelson revolutionized ______C by presenting his students with the most advanced economic thinking at an introductory level.

A. to teach economicsB. teaching that economics is

C. the teaching of economicsD. economics is taught

18. If you find this item too difficult to __A_____, it is advisable to leave as it is and move on to the next one.

A. work outB. work onC. work forD. work at

19. You and I could hardly understand, ____A____?

A. could weB. couldn’t youC. couldn’t weD. could I

20. There was an accident ____C__ the crossroads at midnight last night.

A. inB. onC. atD.by

II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with the best word from the box below, changing its form when necessary: (17*1point=17points)

得分

评卷人

testify torehearsaldemolishelusiveevokecapital

in search fordisillusionedexoticlegitimatestrikeimplant

noveltyembark onin bulk成批地nebulouspseudonym

1.Before going to the job interview, the applicant_ REHEARSed_____his presentation in his room.

2.Most houses in the coastal city were_____DEMOLISHED___by the earthquake last year.

3.It was getting dark and we went around the town _IN SEARCHED FOR______ a missing child.

4.The public had expected the newly-elected President to check the rising inflation, but they were soon ___ disillusioneD_____ by his incompetence in administration.

5.The minister could not find a legitimate__ excuse for his not telling the truth.

6.The rescue party __ embarked on ____ freeing the boy trapped in the hollow tree.

7.Although there was much publicity about the movie, I personally found little _ novelty _in the story line.

8.In some supermarkets, goods can be made very cheap if they are bought ___in bulk____.

9.Talking about “the Cultural Revolution”, I had only some ___ nebulous ___ memories because I was very young then.

10.Samuel Longhorn Clemens wrote many stories under the ___ pseudonym __ of Mark Twain.

11.Early colonists in North America usually___ implanted_____ Puritan ideas in their children.

12.The retired editor needed a lot of capital__ to start up a new newspaper.

13.During a storm at sea, the fishing boat _ struck______ a huge rock and was smashed into pieces.

14.On this small island, you can see a lot of exotic _architecture built by the colonists 50 years ago.

15.The Martyrs’ Monument in the town centre always _ evokes_____people’s bitter memories of the Second World War.

16.The drizzle and mist made the distant lighthouse on _elusive_____sight.

17.His generous donation_ testifies to______ his love for the people of the flood-stricken areas.

III.Cloze Test (20 points) Read the following paragraph and choose the correct word for each blank from the three alternatives.

得分

评卷人

Man cannot go on __1_ his numbers at the present rate, In the _2_ 30 years man will face a period of crisis. __3_ experts believe that there will be a widespread food_4_. Other experts think this is 5__ pessimistic, and that man can prevent things _6__ worse than they are now. But _7__ that two-thirds of the people in the world are undernourished or starving now.

One thing that man can do is to limit _8__ of babies born. The need _9__ this is obvious, but it is _10_ to achieve. People have to _11__ to limit their families. In the countries of the population __12__, many people like big families. The parents think that this __13__ a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look __14__ them in old age.

Several governments have _15__ birth control policies in recent years. __16__ them are Japan , China , India and Egypt . In some _17___ the results have not been 18__. Japan has been an exception. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People __19__ to limit their families. The birth rate fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year _20__.

(A)1.A increasingB to increaseC and increaseD with increasing

(C )2.A secondB recentC nextD late

(B)3.A AnyB SomeC MoreD All

(D)4.A needB wantC absenceD shortage

(c)5.A soB muchC tooD enough

( B)6.A gettingB from gettingC to getD get

(a)7.A rememberB rememberingC to rememberD remembers

(D)8.A an amountB a numberC the amountD the number(+可数名词复数,谓动词用单数)

(a)9.A forB inC ofD about

(A)10.A not easyB no easyC not easilyD no ease

(C)11.A persuadeB be persuadingC be persuadedD persuading

(B)12.A burstingB explosionC raisingD extension

(b )13.A takesB bringsC makesD earns

( D )14.A uponB forC intoD after

(C)15.A adjustedB createdC adoptedD presented

(B)16. A OfB AmongC BetweenD Out of

(d )17.A exceptionsB examplesC eventsD cases

(c)18.A successB succeededC successfulD succeeding

(A)19.A were encouraged B encouragedC are encouragedD encourage

(b )20.A presentlyB at presentC in timeD on time

IV. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese: (10 points)

得分

评卷人

Rummaging through the fruit and veg section of my local supermarket, reading the country of origin labels, I am bewildered by the geography of it all. That the fruits of the earth should all be laid out on tidy shelves in this provincial corner of Britain would have been unthinkable a few years ago, yet now it is taken for granted.

Once strange and exotic fruits that only the rich could afford, if not now part of everyone’s diet, are certainly part of our everyday shopping experience. So much so that instead of focusing on the novel, I am drawn to the commonplace. Here, among the “humble” vegetables, something strange and disturbing is going on.

逛当地超市的蔬菜水果自选区时,我感到很困惑,从标签上看它们的原产地几乎遍及世界各地。英国这个外省小地方的角落能陈列着来自世界各地的水果,这在几年前简直难以令人置信。但现在,这好像是理所当然的事情。

以前,那些稀罕的和外国进口的水果只有富人才买得起,但现在即使不是每个人都能品尝到,也一定是我们每天购物时所能见识到的。变化这么大,以致我不再对新奇的果品过多地关注,而被普通的东西所吸引了。在那些常见而“廉价”的蔬菜里面某种奇怪而又令人不安的事情正在发生。

V. Translate the following sentences into English: (10*3points=30points)

得分

评卷人

1.女孩横穿马路时被汽车撞倒.(to knock over).

2.这群年轻人听了这则笑话哄堂大笑.(to roar with).

3.她很不善于见什么人说什么话.( to have no knack for).

4.驾驶员违反交通规则,除了罚款之外,还有别的处罚办法吗?(alternative to)

5.为了安全起见,车上每个人都必须系上安全带.(for the sake of).

6.我们费了九牛二虎之力将门弄开.(to have …job to do).

7.这个沙发一拉开,就可变成床.(to convert into).

8.成年人学习外语的困难之一是母语的干扰.(to interfere with).

9.许多困在山洞里的人在救援队赶到之前就死了.(to trap).

10. 我突然明白他原来是想帮助我.(to dawn on).

1.The girl was crossing the street when she was knocked over by a car.

2.The young men roared with laughter when they heard the joke.

3.She has no knack for saying right thing at the right time.

4.If a driver breaks traffic rules, are there any alternatives to a fine?

5.Everyone in the car must wear a seat belt for the sake of safety.

6.We had a terrible job to open the door.

7.The sofa can be converted into a bed when unfolded.

8.One of the reasons why it is difficult for adults to learn a foreign language is that their mother tongues often interfere with their language.

9.Many people trapped in the cave died before the rescue party arrived.

10.It dawned on me that he was actually trying to help me.

VI. Reading Comprehension(38 points)

得分

评卷人

Passage 1

Clearly if we are to participle in the society in which we live we must communicate with other people. A great deal of communicating is performed on a person-to-person basis by the simple means of speech. If we travel in buses, buy things in shops, or eat in restaurants, we are likely to have conversations where we give information or opinions, receive news or comment, and very likely have our views challenged by other members of society.

Face-to-face contact is by no means the only form of communication and during the last two hundred years the art of mass communication has become of one of the dominating factors of contemporary society. Two things, above others, have caused the enormous growth of the communication industry. Firstly, inventiveness has led to advances in printing, telecommunications, photography, radio and television. Secondly, speed has revolutionized the transmission and reception of communications so that local news often takes a back seat to national news, which itself is often almost eclipsed by international news.

No longer is the possession of information confined to a privileged minority. In the last century the wealthy man with his own library was fortunate, but today there are public libraries. Forty years ago people used to flock to the cinema, but now far more people sit at home and turn on the TV to watch a programme that is being channeled into millions of homes.

Communication is no longer merely concerned with the transmission of information. The modern communication industry influences the way people live in society and broadens their horizons by allowing access to information, education and entertainment. The printing, broadcasting and advertising industries are all involved with informing,educating and entertaining.

Although a great deal of the material communicated by the mass media is very valuable to the individual and to the society of which he is a part, the vast modern network of communications is open to abuse. However, the mass media are with us for better, for worse, and there is no turning back.

1.In the first paragraph the writer emphasizes the ___C_____ of face-to-face contact in social settings.

A natureB limitationC usefulnessD creativity

2. It is implied in the passage that__A____

A local news used to be the only source of information

B local news still takes a significant place

C national news is becoming more popular

D international news is the fastest transmitted news

3. which of the following statement is INCORRECT? B

A To possess information used to be a privilege

B Public libraries have replaced private libraries

C Communication means more than transmission

D Information influences ways of life and thinking

4.From the last paragraph we can infer that the writer is__A______.

A indifferent to the harmful influence of the mass media

B happy about the drastic changes in the mass media

C pessimistic about the future of the mass media

D concerned about the wrong use of the mass media

Passage 2

I am one of the many city people who are always saying that given the choice we would prefer to live in the country away from the dirt and noise of a large city. I have managed to convince myself that it weren’t for my job I would immediately head out for the open spaces and go back to nature in some sleepy village buried in the country. But how realistic is the dream?

Cities can be frightening places. The majority of the population live in massive tower blocks, noisy, dirty and impersonal. The sense of belonging to a community tends to disappear when you live fifteen floors up. All you can see from your window is sky, or other blocks of flats. Children become aggressive and nervouscooped up at home all day, with nowhere to play; their mothers feel isolated from the rest of the world. Strangely enough whereas in the past the inhabitants of one street all knew each other, nowadays people on the same floor in tower blocks don’t even say hello to each other.

Country life, on the other hand, differs from this kind of isolated existence in that a sense of community generally binds the inhabitants of small villages together. People have the advantage of knowing that there is always someone to turn to when they need help. But country life has disadvantages too. While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, it is also true that you are cut off from the existing and important events that take place in cities. There’s little possibility of going to a new show or the latest movie. Shopping becomes a major problem, and for anything slightly out of the ordinary you have to go on and expedition to the nearest large town. The city-dweller who leaves for the country is often oppressed by a sense of unbearable stillness and quiet.

What, then, is the answer? The country has the advantage of peace and quiet, but suffers from the disadvantage of being cut off; the city breeds a feeling of isolation, and constant noise batters the senses. But one of its main advantages is that you are at the center of things, and that life doesn’t come to an end at half-past nine at night. Some people have found (or rather bought) a compromise between the two; they have expressed their preference for the “quiet life” by leaving the suburbs and moving to villages within commuting distance of large cities. They generally have about as much sensitivity as the plastic flowers they leave behind they are polluted with strange ideas about change and improvement which they force on to the unwilling original inhabitants of the villages.

What then of my dreams of leaning on a cottage gate and murmuring “morning” to the locals as they pass by? I’m keen on the idea, but you see there’s my cat, Toby, I’m not at all sure that he would take to all that fresh air and exercise in the long grass, I mean, can you see him mixing with all those hearty males down the farm? No, he would rather have the electric imitation-coal fire any evening.

5.We get the impression from the first paragraph that the authoC

A used to live in the countryB used to work in the city

C works in the cityD lives in the country

6.In the author’s opinion, the following may cause city people to be unhappy EXCEPTA

A a strong sense of fearB lack of communication

C housing conditionsD a sense of isolation

7.The passage implies that it is easy to buy the following things in the country EXCEPT C

A daily necessitiesB fresh fruits

C designer clothesD fresh vegetables

8.According to the passage, which of the following adjectives best describes those people who work in large cities and live in villages? D

A OriginalB QuietC ArrogantD Insensitive

9.Do you think the author will move to the country? B

A Yes, he will do soB No, he will not do so

C It is difficult to tellD He is in two minds

Passage 3

Ideas about education are changing in the United States . Education today is not just a high school diploma or a college degree. Many adults are not interested in going to college. They are interested in other kinds of learning. For them, learning does not end with a diploma.

Continuing education gives these adults the opportunity to increase their knowledge about their own field or to learn about a new field. It also gives them a chance to improve their old skills or to learn new ones.

Scientists, mechanics and barbers can take classes to improve their work skills. If they know more or learn more, they can get a better job or earn more money.

Continuing education classes give more adults the chances to learn new skills. There is usually a large variety of classes to choose from: typing, foreign cooking, photography, auto repair, furniture repair, or swimming. These are only some of the classes available.

Some adults take classes for fun or because the class will be useful for them. Other adults take continuing education classes to improve their own lives because they want to feel better about themselves.

Almost any community college or public school system has a continuing education program. There are classes in schools, community buildings or churches. Most classes are in the evening, so working people can attend. The classes are usually small, and they are inexpensive.

10. The new idea about education in the U.S. is that__D____.

A. everyone should get a college degree

B. It’s no use for adults to go to college

C. a high school diploma is the end of education

D. adults should go on learning after graduating from school

11. What’s the purpose for adults to continue their education? A

A. Enlarge their knowledge and learn new skills.

B. Catch up the opportunity to get a higher degree.

C. Learn more basic knowledge to get a diploma.

D. Make themselves live a more comfortable life.

12. Which of the following statement is true? C

A. There are only a few continuing education classes available for adults.

B. Only those who want to get more money should go on with their education.

C. People take continuing education can get a good job.

D. All the people getting continuing education can get a good job.

13. Usually, the continuing education program is given____D____.

A. in a small size and expensively

B. only for working people

C. only in community buildings or churches

D. by community colleges and public schools

14. The best title for the passage would be _____A___.

A. Continuing Education Classes

B. The Importance of a College Degree

C. A Good Way to Earn More Money

D. Difference Choices for Adults

Passage 4

Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged, and other problems may be solved if human cloning and its technology are not forbidden.

With cloning, infertile couples could have children. Current treatments for infertility, in terms of percentages, are not very successfully. Couples go through physically and emotionally painful procedures for a small chance of having children. Many couples run out of time and money without successfully having children. Human cloning could make it possible for many more infertile couples to have children than ever before.

We should be able to clone the bone marrow for children and adults suffering from leukemia(白血病).This is expected to be one of the first benefits to come from cloning technology.

We may learn how to switch cells on and off through cloning and thus be able to cure cancer.

Cloning technology can be used to test for and perhaps cure gene-related diseases.

The above is just a few examples of what human cloning technology can do for mankind. This new technology promises unprecedented advancement in medicine if people will release their fears and let the benefits begin.

15Heart attacks can be treated with human cloning technology by____c_______.

A removing the damaged part of the heart

B replacing the old heart with a cloned one

C repairing the heart with cells cloned from healthy ones

D giving the patients injections of various medicines

16. The word “infertile”(Line 1, Para.2) most probably means“___a_________”.

A unable to give birth to a child

B with physical and emotional problems

C short of time and money

D separated from each other for long

17. According to the passage, one of the first expected benefits from cloning technology may be in _____c_______.

A the treatment of heart attacks

B the bearing of babies

C the cure of blood diseases

D the detection of gene-related diseases

18. Cancer may be cured with the cloning technology by__B_______.

A attacking the diseased cells with healthy ones

B controlling the growth of the cells

C detecting disordered genes in the cancel cells

D activating cancer cells by switching them on

19. According to the writer, the main problem with the development of human cloning technology is that___D________.

A it may be out of human control

B it has brought about few benefits so far

C people still know little about it

D people are afraid of such technology

VII. Writing (15 points)

得分

评卷人

Write on ANSWER SHEET a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:

THE IMPORTANCE OF KEEPING A GOOD MOOD

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, state specifically what your view is.

In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons.

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

二O一一年陕西省高等学校专升本招生考试 B

英语专业《综合英语》试题

题号

I

II

III

IV

V

VI

VII

总分

核分人

得分

Direction: All the Questions should be done on the Answer Sheet.

II.Choose a word that best completes each of the following sentences: (20*1point=20points)

得分

评卷人

1. The ________ driver thinks accidents only happen to other people.

A. averageB. commonC. usualD. normal

2. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, _______ at the other store.

A. the oneB. othersC. thatD. the ones

3. Conversation becomes weaker in society that spends so much time listening and being talked to _______ it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself.

A. asB. whichC. thatD. what

4. _____________ for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is.

A. Had it not beenB. Were it notC. Be it notD. Should it not be

5. Asia _______________ by most experts to be the cradle of human civilization.

A. has been always consideredB. has always been considered

C. always has been consideredD. has been considered always

6. An old woman was badly hurt in _______ the police describe as an apparently motiveless attack.

A. thatB. whatC. whateverD. which

7. Paul Samuelson revolutionized ______ by presenting his students with the most advanced economic thinking at an introductory level.

A. to teach economicsB. teaching that economics is

C. the teaching of economicsD. economics is taught

8. If you find this item too difficult to _______, it is advisable to leave as it is and move on to the next one.

A. work outB. work onC. work forD. work at

9. You and I could hardly understand, ________?

A. could we B. couldn’t youC. couldn’t weD. could I

10. There was an accident _______ the crossroads at midnight last night.

A. inB. onC. atD.by

11.She has managed to obtain a temporary work __________ in Britain .

A permitB permission C permissivenessD permissible

12.The football players need total concentration during ___________.

A matchB gameC playD perform

13.Involved in a bribery scandal, the President had to ___________ his resignation.

A doB catchC offerD find

14.When I go out in the evening I use the bike __________the car if I can.

A rather thanB regardless ofCin spite ofD other than

15.Some plants are very _________ to light; they prefer the shade.

A sensibleB flexibleC objectiveD sensitive

16.Don’t let the child play with scissors _________he cuts himself.

A in caseB so thatC now thatD only if

17.Without proper lessons, you could________ a lot of bad habits when playing the piano.

A keep upB pick upC draw upD catch up

18. We should always bear in mind that _________ decisions often result in serious consequences.

A urgentB instantC promptD hasty

19. The computer can be paid for in ten monthly________ of 100 dollars.

A payB paysC paymentD payments

20. American linguist Noah Webster was among the first to the growing difference between American and British usages of English.

A. realizeB. recognizeC. researchD. reckon

II. Fill in the blank in each sentence with the best word from the box below, changing its form when necessary: (17*1point=17points)

得分

评卷人

Show uphumbletestify torehearsaldemolishnovelty

in bulktravelevokepseudonymdisillusionednebulous

exoticlegitimatestrikecapitalembark on

18.Many famous people are of _______ origin.

19.Before going to the job interview, the applicant________his presentation in his room.

20.Most houses in the coastal city were ________by the earthquake last year.

21.The public had expected the newly-elected President to check the rising inflation, but they were soon ________by his incompetence in administration.

22.The minister could not find a ________ excuse for his not telling the truth.

23.The rescue party ________ freeing the boy trapped in the hollow tree.

24.Although there was much publicity about the movie, I personally found little _______in the story line.

25.In some supermarkets, goods can be made very cheap if they are bought________.

26.Talking about “the Cultural Revolution”, I had only some ________memories because I was very young then.

27.Samuel Longhorn Clemens wrote many stories under the ________of Mark Twain.

28.The retired editor needed a lot of _________ to start up a new newspaper.

29.During a storm at sea, the fishing boat ________a huge rock and was smashed into pieces.

30.On this small island, you can see a lot of ____architecture built by the colonists 50 years ago.

31.The saying goes like this,” Bad news ______fast.” Haven’t you heard of it?

32.The Martyrs’ Monument in the town centre always _____ people’s bitter memories of the Second World War.

33.His generous donation ________ his love for the people of the flood-stricken areas.

34.The host had expected thirty guests but finally more than forty _______ at the party.

III.Cloze Test (20 points) Read the following paragraph and choose the correct word for each blank from the three alternatives.

得分

评卷人

Man cannot go on __1_ his numbers at the present rate, In the _2_ 30 years man will face a period of crisis. __3_ experts believe that there will be a widespread food_4_. Other experts think this is 5__ pessimistic, and that man can prevent things _6__ worse than they are now. But _7__ that two-thirds of the people in the world are undernourished or starving now.

One thing that man can do is to limit _8__ of babies born. The need _9__ this is obvious, but it is _10_ to achieve. People have to _11__ to limit their families. In the countries of the population __12__, many people like big families. The parents think that this __13__ a bigger income for the family and ensures there will be someone in the family who will look __14__ them in old age.

Several governments have _15__ birth control policies in recent years. __16__ them are Japan , China , India and Egypt . In some _17___ the results have not been 18__. Japan has been an exception. The Japanese adopted a birth control policy in 1948. People __19__ to limit their families. The birth rate fell from 34.3 per thousand per year to about 17.0 per year _20__.

()1.A increasingB to increaseC and increaseD with increasing

()2.A secondB recentC nextD late

()3.A AnyB SomeC MoreD All

()4.A needB wantC absenceD shortage

()5.A soB muchC tooD enough

()6.A gettingB from gettingC to getD get

()7.A rememberB rememberingC to rememberD remembers

()8.A an amountB a numberC the amountD the number

()9.A forB inC ofD about

()10.A not easyB no easyC not easilyD no ease

()11.A persuadeB be persuadingC be persuadedD persuading

()12.A burstingB explosionC raisingD extension

()13.A takesB bringsC makesD earns

()14.A uponB forC intoD after

()15.A adjustedB createdC adoptedD presented

()16. A OfB AmongC BetweenD Out of

()17.A exceptionsB examplesC eventsD cases

()18.A successB succeededC successfulD succeeding

()19.A were encouraged B encouragedC are encouragedD encourage

()20.A presentlyB at presentC in timeD on time

IV. Translate the following paragraph into Chinese: (10 points)

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评卷人

Rummaging through the fruit and veg section of my local supermarket, reading the country of origin labels, I am bewildered by the geography of it all. That the fruits of the earth should all be laid out on tidy shelves in this provincial corner of Britain would have been unthinkable a few years ago, yet now it is taken for granted.

Once strange and exotic fruits that only the rich could afford, if not now part of everyone’s diet, are certainly part of our everyday shopping experience. So much so that instead of focusing on the novel, I am drawn to the commonplace. Here, among the “humble” vegetables, something strange and disturbing is going on.

V. Translate the following sentences into English: (10*3points=30points)

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7.女孩横穿马路时被汽车撞倒.(to knock over).

8.这群年轻人听了这则笑话哄堂大笑.(to roar with).

9.她很不善于见什么人说什么话.( to have no knack for).

10.驾驶员违反交通规则,除了罚款之外,还有别的处罚办法吗?(alternative to)

11.为了安全起见,车上每个人都必须系上安全带.(for the sake of).

12.我们费了九牛二虎之力将门弄开.(to have …job to do).

7.这个沙发一拉开,就可变成床.(to convert into).

8.成年人学习外语的困难之一是母语的干扰.(to interfere with).

9.许多困在山洞里的人在救援队赶到之前就死了.(to trap).

10. 我突然明白他原来是想帮助我.(to dawn on).

VI. Reading Comprehension(38 points)

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评卷人

Passage 1

I am one of the many city people who are always saying that given the choice we would prefer to live in the country away from the dirt and noise of a large city. I have managed to convince myself that it weren’t for my job I would immediately head out for the open spaces and go back to nature in some sleepy village buried in the country. But how realistic is the dream?

Cities can be frightening places. The majority of the population live in massive tower blocks, noisy, dirty and impersonal. The sense of belonging to a community tends to disappear when you live fifteen floors up. All you can see from your window is sky, or other blocks of flats. Children become aggressive and nervouscooped up at home all day, with nowhere to play; their mothers feel isolated from the rest of the world. Strangely enough whereas in the past the inhabitants of one street all knew each other, nowadays people on the same floor in tower blocks don’t even say hello to each other.

Country life, on the other hand, differs from this kind of isolated existence in that a sense of community generally binds the inhabitants of small villages together. People have the advantage of knowing that there is always someone to turn to when they need help. But country life has disadvantages too. While it is true that you may be among friends in a village, it is also true that you are cut off from the existing and important events that take place in cities. There’s little possibility of going to a new show or the latest movie. Shopping becomes a major problem, and for anything slightly out of the ordinary you have to go on and expedition to the nearest large town. The city-dweller who leaves for the country is often oppressed by a sense of unbearable stillness and quiet.

What, then, is the answer? The country has the advantage of peace and quiet, but suffers from the disadvantage of being cut off; the city breeds a feeling of isolation, and constant noise batters the senses. But one of its main advantages is that you are at the center of things, and that life doesn’t come to an end at half-past nine at night. Some people have found (or rather bought) a compromise between the two; they have expressed their preference for the “quiet life” by leaving the suburbs and moving to villages within commuting distance of large cities. They generally have about as much sensitivity as the plastic flowers they leave behind they are polluted with strange ideas about change and improvement which they force on to the unwilling original inhabitants of the villages.

What then of my dreams of leaning on a cottage gate and murmuring “morning” to the locals as they pass by? I’m keen on the idea, but you see there’s my cat, Toby, I’m not at all sure that he would take to all that fresh air and exercise in the long grass, I mean, can you see him mixing with all those hearty males down the farm? No, he would rather have the electric imitation-coal fire any evening.

1.We get the impression from the first paragraph that the author

A used to live in the countryB used to work in the city

C works in the cityD lives in the country

2.In the author’s opinion, the following may cause city people to be unhappy EXCEPT

A a strong sense of fearB lack of communication

C housing conditionsD a sense of isolation

3.The passage implies that it is easy to buy the following things in the country EXCEPT

A daily necessitiesB fresh fruits

C designer clothesD fresh vegetables

4.According to the passage, which of the following adjectives best describes those people who work in large cities and live in villages?

A OriginalB QuietC ArrogantD Insensitive

5.Do you think the author will move to the country?

A Yes, he will do soB No, he will not do so

C It is difficult to tellD He is in two minds

Passage 2

Clearly if we are to participle in the society in which we live we must communicate with other people. A great deal of communicating is performed on a person-to-person basis by the simple means of speech. If we travel in buses, buy things in shops, or eat in restaurants, we are likely to have conversations where we give information or opinions, receive news or comment, and very likely have our views challenged by other members of society.

Face-to-face contact is by no means the only form of communication and during the last two hundred years the art of mass communication has become of one of the dominating factors of contemporary society. Two things, above others, have caused the enormous growth of the communication industry. Firstly, inventiveness has led to advances in printing, telecommunications, photography, radio and television. Secondly, speed has revolutionized the transmission and reception of communications so that local news often takes a back seat to national news, which itself is often almost eclipsed by international news.

No longer is the possession of information confined to a privileged minority. In the last century the wealthy man with his own library was indeed fortunate, but today there are public libraries. Forty years ago people used to flock to the cinema, but now far more people sit at home and turn on the TV to watch a programme that is being channeled into millions of homes.

Communication is no longer merely concerned with the transmission of information. The modern communication industry influences the way people live in society and broadens their horizons by allowing access to information, education and entertainment. The printing, broadcasting and advertising industries are all involved with informing,educating and entertaining.

Although a great deal of the material communicated by the mass media is very valuable to the individual and to the society of which he is a part, the vast modern network of communications is open to abuse. However, the mass media are with us for better, for worse, and there is no turning back.

6.In the first paragraph the writer emphasizes the _________ of face-to-face contact in social settings.

A natureB limitationC usefulnessD creativity

7.It is implied in the passage that_______

A local news used to be the only source of information

B local news still takes a significant place

C national news is becoming more popular

D international news is the fastest transmitted news

8.which of the following statement is INCORRECT?

A To possess information used to be a privilege

B Public libraries have replaced private libraries

C Communication means more than transmission

D Information influences ways of life and thinking

9.From the last paragraph we can infer that the writer is________.

A indifferent to the harmful influence of the mass media

B happy about the drastic changes in the mass media

C pessimistic about the future of the mass media

D concerned about the wrong use of the mass media

Passage 3

Human cloning technology could be used to reverse heart attacks. Scientists believe that they may be able to treat heart attack victims by cloning their healthy heart cells and injecting them into the areas of the heart that have been damaged, and other problems may be solved if human cloning and its technology are not forbidden.

With cloning, infertile couples could have children. Current treatments for infertility, in terms of percentages, are not very successfully. Couples go through physically and emotionally painful procedures for a small chance of having children. Many couples run out of time and money without successfully having children. Human cloning could make it possible for many more infertile couples to have children than ever before.

We should be able to clone the bone marrow for children and adults suffering from leukemia. This is expected to be one of the first benefits to come from cloning technology.

We may learn how to switch cells on and off through cloning and thus be able to cure cancer.

Cloning technology can be used to test for and perhaps cure gene-related diseases.

The above is just a few examples of what human cloning technology can do for mankind. This new technology promises unprecedented advancement in medicine if people will release their fears and let the benefits begin.

10Heart attacks can be treated with human cloning technology by___________.

A removing the damaged part of the heart

B replacing the old heart with a cloned one

C repairing the heart with cells cloned from healthy ones

D giving the patients injections of various medicines

11. The word “infertile”(Line 1, Para.2) most probably means“____________”.

A unable to give birth to a child

B with physical and emotional problems

C short of time and money

D separated from each other for long

12. According to the passage, one of the first expected benefits from cloning technology may be in ____________.

A the treatment of heart attacks

B the bearing of babies

C the cure of blood diseases

D the detection of gene-related diseases

13. Cancer may be cured with the cloning technology by___________.

A attacking the diseased cells with healthy ones

B controlling the growth of the cells

C detecting disordered genes in the cancel cells

D activating cancer cells by switching them on

14. According to the writer, the main problem with the development of human cloning technology is that___________.

A it may be out of human control

B it has brought about few benefits so far

C people still know little about it

D people are afraid of such technology

Passage 4

Ideas about education are changing in the United States . Education today is not just a high school diploma or a college degree. Many adults are not interested in going to college. They are interested in other kinds of learning. For them, learning does not end with a diploma.

Continuing education gives these adults the opportunity to increase their knowledge about their own field or to learn about a new field. It also gives them a chance to improve their old skills or to learn new ones.

Scientists, mechanics and barbers can take classes to improve their work skills. If they know more or learn more, they can get a better job or earn more money.

Continuing education classes give more adults the chances to learn new skills. There is usually a large variety of classes to choose from: typing, foreign cooking, photography, auto repair, furniture repair, or swimming. These are only some of the classes available.

Some adults take classes for fun or because the class will be useful for them. Other adults take continuing education classes to improve their own lives because they want to feel better about themselves.

Almost any community college or public school system has a continuing education program. There are classes in schools, community buildings or churches. Most classes are in the evening, so working people can attend. The classes are usually small, and they are inexpensive.

15. The new idea about education in the U.S. is that__________.

A. everyone should get a college degree

B. It’s no use for adults to go to college

C. a high school diploma is the end of education

D. adults should go on learning after graduating from school

16. What’s the purpose for adults to continue their education?

A. Enlarge their knowledge and learn new skills.

B. Catch up the opportunity to get a higher degree.

C. Learn more basic knowledge to get a diploma.

D. Make themselves live a more comfortable life.

17. Which of the following statement is true?

A. There are only a few continuing education classes available for adults.

B. Only those who want to get more money should go on with their education.

C. People take continuing education can get a good job.

D. All the people getting continuing education can get a good job.

18. Usually, the continuing education program is given________.

A. in a small size and expensively

B. only for working people

C. only in community buildings or churches

D. by community colleges and public schools

19. The best title for the passage would be _________.

A. Continuing Education Classes

B. The Importance of a College Degree

C. A Good Way to Earn More Money

D. Difference Choices for Adults

VII. Writing (15 points)

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Write on ANSWER SHEET a composition of about 200 words on the following topic:

THE IMPORTANCE OF KEEPING A GOOD MOOD

You are to write in three parts.

In the first part, state specifically what your view is.

In the second part, support your view with one or two reasons.

In the last part, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion or a summary.

Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failure to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks.

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